Articles






Two Out Of Three

This article is a written-up version of a talk given by Michael Swan, posted here with Michael’s kind permission. It argues that a balanced language course should consist of three kinds of Input (extensive, intensive and analysed), and similarly three kinds of Output (extensive, intensive and analysed). Michael argues that too many language programs focus… Read more »

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ROLO (PDF Version)

In English language teaching, ROLO is a technique for giving feedback at the board following a speaking activity. Instead of just correcting language, ROLO involves guiding students to produce better language for themselves, and it emphasizes developing language as well as just correction. This is a PDF article. On this site there is also a… Read more »

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Cultural contrasts in business (part 2)

Cultural contrasts in business Part 2 Presentations ¬† America/N. Europe Latin America/S. and E. Europe/Middle East Japan/China/E. Asia Opening Short opening. Comments are directed to everyone. Open by appreciating hospitality. Comments are directed to senior person. Polite, thankful opening. Comments are directed to everyone. Audience expectations Americans want jokes, modernity, slogans, informality and a hard… Read more »

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Colour-coded language activities

It is very easy to colour-code words with computers using the text highlight colour function. This button, between text effects and font colour in Microsoft Word 2010, can be used to create many visually appealing teaching activities. Font colour can also be used, and the two features can be used in combination. This technique will… Read more »

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